Now that Lyra has some nice drive to work with, I am teaching her an "active" stay.
In my training there are two types of stays, and they are distinctly different.
A "passive" stay is boring. Nothing interesting is going to happen, so go ahead and relax while you wait it out.
An "active" stay is exciting. Be prepared for an explosive release.
I teach a passive stay when dogs are either older or calmer. Since Lyra started calm and gets more wired with age, I started her passive stay a few months ago before she was ready for an active stay. In the house with the other dogs she is pretty good about it. I never do passive stays with her in a training environment; I want all "real" training to be high energy and intense at this point.
With puppies that are wired, I rarely bother with a passive stay until they are grown up but I teach the active stay early.
An "active" stay is the opposite. I teach that to dogs that are in drive and I care very much how they feel about it. Lyra is ready to learn this now.
An "active" stay means something very interesting is about to happen. It is of a short duration - no more than five seconds or so. It involves intense attention, distraction, and an exposive release. If Lyra breaks I get excited as I put her back since I want her to remain in drive. Whereas in a passive stay I am calm and boring, in an active stay I make sure the dog knows that this is an excting game.
Here is Lyra's third lesson on an active stay. She breaks in her second attempt so you can see how I handle it. By her fourth attempt, you can see I'm adding a bit more distraction before releasing her. Soon I will actively snap the toy around and she will be expected to hold the stay until I release her. I'll also add a verbal release when the toy is not moving, so that she goes on my command rather than on the action of the toy.
Lyra has had a few more lessons in active stays since this video - she gets it. Now I can begin to use a "stay" command to set up for recalls, jumps, retrieves and wherever else I might want an explosive release.